The SPF Model: Strategic Prevention Framework

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Strategic Prevention Framework

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) Strategic Prevention Framework is a prevention planning process that  promotes data-driven decision-making, that focuses on population-level, rather than individual-level change.

Cultural competence and sustainability are infused in all five steps of the SPF process. The five steps of the SPF are designed to help states and communities build prevention competencies and the infrastructure necessary to implement and sustain effective prevention policies, practices, and programs.

Online Presentation

We have created a short interactive presentation to highlight aspects of the Strategic Prevention Framework.  Take a look...

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The Five Steps of the Strategic Prevention Framework

Step 1: ASSESSMENT- Profile population needs, resources, and readiness to address needs and gaps.

This step involves the collection of data to identify and prioritize problems within a geographic area, as well as an assessment of resources and readiness within the community to address needs and gaps.

- Mobilize and/or build capacity to address needs.

Building capacity involves the mobilization of resources within a community. A key aspect of capacity building is convening key stakeholders, coalitions, and service providers to implement all five steps of the SPF and to plan for sustainability.

- Develop a comprehensive strategic plan.

Planning involves the development of a strategic plan that utilizes policies, programs, and practices to address the evidence-identified factors that contribute to a community issue.

- Implement evidence-based prevention programs, policies, and practices

This step involves the implementation of strategies or programs identified in the strategic plan created in Step 3 of the SPF.

- Monitor, evaluate, sustain, and improve or replace failing entities or systems.

Evaluation involves measuring the overall impact of the SPF and the specific programs, policies, and practices implemented on the selected outcomes, as well as an assessment of the actual implementation of strategies.


Workshops & Training Sessions

SPF 101: The SPF 101 workshop covers all steps of the SPF and provide participants with an evidence-based planning process that can be used to address community change.

This training also discusses ways that cultural competency and sustainability can be included during all steps of the SPF. The workshop is intended for community based organizations, prevention providers, and others who are interested in learning how to use the SPF in their community.